Processor build step by step
There are a number of ways you can get hold of, or make a tank. This page describes how a tank can be made using a 44 gallon drum and a home made come.
Settings, Wire and Gas
Welding thin metal is much harder than welding thick chucks of framework. If you have limited experience welding thin steel (like the author) then practice of some offcuts and make sure you can get a neat weld. If it looks tidy and flat then it is far more likely to seal. If the welding isn't going well then there is something wrong, don't keep piling on the weld as it is very unlikely to seal. Try any of the following:
Changing the power setting
Changing the feed rate
Make sure there is enough shield gas
Cleaning out the end of the gun
Changing the tip.
Check you are using an appropriate wire thickness.
Check you are using an appropriate shield gas.
If you are putting holes in the steel sheet and have tried all of the above, it might be that your welder does not have a low enough setting for such thin steel, in which case use the "on, off" technique. Weld for a few seconds then let off for a second and restart, this gives the sheet just long enough to cool in the gaps so that a hole does not appear. Again this needs practice before starting on the drum.
The cone in this article was welded with 0.8mm wire and a CO[sup]2[/sup] shield gas. It was not easy! It was a miracle that it didn't leak. The better combination was 0.6mm wire and a proportion of argon gas. The author used 100% argon although others might recommend a mix. The exact gas is outside of the scope of this article.
Welded joint types
It was initially thought that a fillet weld was a good idea as in the illustration below. However advice from the forum and experience while tacking the cone to the drum both proved this was a bad idea.
A butt welded joint is neat if you can pull it off. It is a very difficult joint to get right as the two sheets of metal need to meet all the way along the joint with no significant gap. With a joint like this it is very easy to make holes. This method is not recommended unless you are an experienced welder.
A lap joint is by far the easiest joint to go with. The cone in the this article was attached to the barrel with a welded lap joint. It was easily done and sealed well (only 3 minor leaks). This joint is easily done as there is more material to disperse the heat (hence harder to make holes) and its much easier to get the two sheets close together with no gaps (just hammer them together).
Preparing the Barrel
Steel Barrels have either a solid top with a small cap or a fully removable lid with a band around the top to seal it. This depends on what the barrel was originally intended to do. Most liquids usually have a small cap with the clip top barrels typically used for powder products. Both are readily available. The barrel pictured here originally contained fruit juice but had a membrane inside so a "clip top" barrel was used. This barrel cost the author £10 and as a result of the membrane has no corrosion inside.
Preparing the cone
This section is brief as there is a wiki page specifically for making a cone. If you are using this write-up and making your own processor tank you will need to visit the following page for the specifics on making a cone:
It is worth considering these extra points in addition to the information found in the cone wiki page:
The barrel is made from 0.8mm sheet steel so it would be sensible to find some sheet of the same thickness for making the cone.
It might be worth adding a tab to the straight edge of the cone to help with welding it up.
There is no harm in making the cone bigger than it has to be and trimming it back later. In fact this is important to the welding method used in this write up.
Leave the hole in the middle of the cone smaller than you intend, until the cone is welded up. You might have the right size hole as per the calculations, but it is easy to make that hole the wrong the shape when you are forming the curve of the cone and welding.
With a suitable size ball valve fitted you can mount the assembly in a vice, add water and check for leaks. You will need to check for leaks after attaching the cone to the barrel, however it is a good idea to check the cone at this point as it is much easier to repair when not attached to the barrel.
Attaching the Cone and Drum
If you've got this far then the welding is no more complex than the welding involved in making the cone, just a little more of it. The method used here was to mount the cone in a vice and place the barrel on top. By pushing down on the barrel, the bottom of the barrel and the top of the cone are forced to take up the same shape and any gaps between the two disappear. At this point the two can be tack welded together. Using many tack welds will serve to hold the shape better but then there are more tack welds to remove as you complete the permanent weld. Anything between 8 and 12 is fine. A fillet weld is fine at this time as it is only to hold the barrel in place and hammering the edge of the cone would be very difficult before the two are attached.
When the barrel is suitably located take the assembly down and weld on the bench. At this point use a small hammer to bend the edge of the cone down to sit flush against the barrel for a welded lap joint. Hammer an inch or two flat at a time, weld and repeat. When you get close to a tack weld, you'll need to grind out the tack weld so that you can continue with the hammering and welding (i,e. so the lap joint is continuous).
At this point it is highly recommended that you fit a ball valve on the bottom and test for leaks. In the case of a leak, grind the weld back and try again. When all of the welds are sealed up apply some paint (to the outside) to stop corrosion.
If you have got a processor tank to this stage of completion then you have reached a major mile stone. Next you'll need to think about an immersion heater flange and all the additions to the top of the tank, then how you will mount the tank. See links below.
By Laurence (lozzzzzz on BioPowered Forum) April 2014